UNDP’s support to the achievement of the MDGs in Nigeria
Since the Millennium Declaration in 2000, the MDGs have become important tools of monitoring human progress across nations. The eight time-bound goals are aimed at achieving the following by 2015: eradicate extreme poverty and hunger; achieve universal primary education; promote gender equality; reduce child mortality; improve maternal health; combat HIV&AIDS, malaria and other diseases; ensure environmental sustainability; and develop a global partnership for development.
UNDP has been given the role of Global MDG Monitor for the UN System, a role that UNDP Nigeria takes very seriously. On a global level and in collaboration with other development partners, the UNDP has transformed the MDGs into an actionable instrument of development management by turning the eight goals into 18 targets and 48 indicators that can be used to monitor human progress across nations. Nigeria amongst other nations has signed up to these goals, targets and indicators.
In Nigeria, evidence from the 2006 MDGR shows that there is a likelihood of achieving three of the eight goals in Nigeria; achieving universal basic education; ensuring environmental sustainability; and developing global partnership for development while the health MDGs remain daunting challenges for Nigeria. A critical barrier to planning for achievement of the MDGS continues to be the availability of up to date data on most of the indicators. This is compounded by the limited funding available for data generation and management.
Constitutional responsibility for implementation on almost all the goals rest with the states and local governments in Nigeria’s federal structure, however inspite of remarkable strides at federal level, appreciation of the requirements for meeting these goals, as well as institutional capacity remain relatively low at these levels of government. Poor governance and integration of the MDGs into national development strategies have also been a challenge while other challenges include a weak monitoring mechanism for the MDGs and low stakeholder involvement (private sector and Civil Society Organisations).
Despite these challenges political commitment remains very high at Federal level under the leadership of the Senior Special Adviser to the President on MDGs. Under its four practice areas, UNDP has provided support to the government in a number of areas.
In collaboration with the Office of the Senior Special Assistant to the President on MDGs, the UNDP has undertaken a National MDGs Costing Exercise in eight key sectors (agriculture, health, education, roads, energy, water resources, environment and housing). The final results are being reviewed. This would provide a good basis for estimating the cost of achieving the MDGs in the country.
UNDP has built up a cream of national experts (across the public, private and CSOs sectors) on MDGs needs assessment. With strong collaboration with the Office of the Senior Special Assistance to the President on MDGs, the National Planning Commission, and other partners there is a plan to extend this opportunity to states.
The implementation of the Millennium Villages in Kaduna and Ondo states by UNDP in collaboration with the respective state governments is motivated by the need to transform the lives of rural people as well as provide good pilots for other states and local governments to emulate as good practices.
The Local Governance Project is being implemented in Ondo state and will be extended on a pilot basis to Bayelsa State. The LGP is aimed at demonstrating successful models of local development planning and decentralization. In addition, a Local poverty reduction strategy guide for the participatory preparation of Local Economic Empowerment and Development Strategies (LEEDS) was produced and tested in 18 local governments in 6 states. UNDP continues to provide technical backstopping to states in the use of this guide and 5 states (Sokoto, Ogun, Akwa Ibom, Gombe and Kogi) are currently in the process of developing LEEDS using this methodology. In two of these states, the LEEDS preparation process is informing the review and development of follow on States Economic Empowerment and Development Strategies (SEEDS), while Sokoto and Akwa Ibom states are being supported to effectively mainstream HIV/AIDS into these development strategies. It is hoped that there will be lesson sharing between the states to aid replication of this mainstreaming.
An MDGs consistent Macroeconomic Framework has also been initiated with NPC and OSSAP as the anchoring institutions. The outcome of this would feed into NEEDS2 or any medium term development strategy of government as well as the Vision 2020 initiative.
Under this practice area UNDP is also working with the National Bureau of Statistics and States Statistical Agencies in 18 states to build capacity for data management and statistical literacy. We have also supported the Office of the Senior Special Adviser to the President on MDGs with technical personnel and have further enhanced the institutional capacity of the office through provision of relevant physical facilities. We hope to continue to provide technical support to the office in delivering its mandate.
Energy and Environment
The Unit also has four (4) pilot projects on renewable energy access to rural dwellers spread all over the geopolitical zones of the country. Villages with no access to the National Grid were chosen for the pilots and Solar PVs were constructed to generate electricity to public buildings like schools, churches, mosques and most importantly the health centers.
Copyright © United Nations Development Programme-Nigeria, 2007. All rights reserved|